Orientation & Mobility
Orientation and Mobility services at the California School for the Blind prepare students for responsible travel in the community to their safest level of independence. Services are tailored to meet the assessed needs of the individual student, and are provided through direct instruction and professional consultation with classroom teachers, dormitory staff, and families.
A wide variety of O&M concepts and skills are taught at CSB. Orientation activities include the development of body image and the teaching of useful spatial and environmental concepts. Mobility activities combine a student's emerging orientation skills with sighted guide and protective techniques, indoor route travel in classroom, dormitory, and home settings, instruction with the long cane and/or low vision devices, and outdoor travel on campus and in the community. O&M and related skills such as time, money, shopping, communication and social skills are combined in exciting ways both in individual and group travel to build confidence and enable students to participate as fully as possible in community activities with their schoolmates and families.
CSB's O&M program stresses the concept of responsible travel, encouraging students to do whatever they can safely do on their own, but helping them to recognize when they need assistance, and teaching them how to assertively obtain that assistance from family members, school staff, store clerks, and the public to achieve their travel-related goals.
Orientation and Mobility Specialists at CSB
Kristi Barrella, email@example.com
Nita Crow, firstname.lastname@example.org
Nita co-authored a book and teaching kit entitled, "Getting To Know You: A Social Skills and Ability Awareness Curriculum for Students With Visual Impairments And Their Sighted Peers" that was published by the American Printing House for the Blind in 2012.
Nita authored an article in the Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness entitled, "I Can Fix That: Creating An On-Campus Job For A Student" in February of 2008.
Nita also co-authored two articles published in the Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness entitled, "Crossing Guards: A Safety Patrol Program At A Residential School for Students Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired" in April of 2005 and "Striving To Provide Innovative Orientation and Mobility Services In TImes of Diminishing Resources" in the October/November issue of 2011.
If you would like to contact one of our orientation and mobility specialists by phone please call (510) 794-3800. If you have an question related to orientation and mobility please e-mail email@example.com, more information about this service can be found from the homepage.
Erica Hogle, firstname.lastname@example.org
Katie Smith, email@example.com
Shelby Zimmerman, firstname.lastname@example.org
Jim Blackshear, email@example.com